This culminated in a announcement that regular mail services would be cut to five days a week, which was reversed by Congress before it could take effect. See the section Revenue decline and planned cuts. Originally, mail was not delivered to homes and businesses, but to post offices. In , "city delivery" began in urban areas with enough customers to make this economical.
This required streets to be named, houses to be numbered, with sidewalks and lighting provided, and these street addresses to be added to envelopes. In , the first experiments with Rural Free Delivery began in less densely populated areas. There is currently an effort to reduce direct delivery in favor of mailbox clusters.
To compensate for high mail volume and slow long-distance transportation which saw mail arrive at post offices throughout the day, deliveries were made multiple times a day. This ranged from twice for residential areas to up to seven times for the central business district of Brooklyn , New York. By , the last twice-daily deliveries in New York City were eliminated.
Today, mail is delivered once a day on-site to most private homes and businesses. The USPS still distinguishes between city delivery where carriers generally walk and deliver to mailboxes hung on exterior walls or porches, or to commercial reception areas and rural delivery where carriers generally drive. Some customers choose to use post office boxes for an additional fee, for privacy or convenience.
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This provides a locked box at the post office to which mail is addressed and delivered usually earlier in the day than home delivery. Customers in less densely populated areas where there is no city delivery and who do not qualify for rural delivery may receive mail only through post office boxes. High-volume business customers can also arrange for special pick-up.
Another option is the old-style general delivery , for people who have neither post office boxes nor street addresses. Mail is held at the post office until they present identification and pick it up. Some customers receive free post office boxes if the USPS declines to provide door-to-door delivery to their location or a nearby box. From to , a service called special delivery was available, which caused a separate delivery to the final location earlier in the day than the usual daily rounds. In December , the USPS began a limited one-year trial of same-day deliveries directly from retailers or distribution hubs to residential addresses in the same local area, a service it dubbed "Metro Post".
Other competition in this area includes online grocers such as AmazonFresh , Webvan , and delivery services operated by grocery stores like Peapod and Safeway. Residential customers can fill out a form to forward mail to a new address, and can also send pre-printed forms to any of their frequent correspondents. They can also put their mail on "hold", for example, while on vacation. The Post Office will store mail during the hold, instead of letting it overflow in the mailbox.
These services are not available to large buildings and customers of a commercial mail receiving agency ,  where mail is subsorted by non-Post Office employees into individual mailboxes. Like a bank cheque , money orders are cashable only by the recipient.
Unlike a personal bank check, they are prepaid and therefore cannot be returned because of insufficient funds. From to , the Postal Service also operated the United States Postal Savings System , not unlike a savings and loan association with the amount of the deposit limited. The Postal Service is the nation's second-largest civilian employer. Though the USPS employs many individuals, as more Americans send information via email, fewer postal workers are needed to work dwindling amounts of mail.
A major round of job cuts, early retirements, and a construction freeze were announced on March 20, In the early s, widely publicized workplace shootings by disgruntled employees at USPS facilities led to a Human Resource effort to provide care for stressed workers and resources for coworker conflicts. The USPS Commission on a Safe and Secure Workplace found that "Postal workers are only a third as likely as those in the national workforce to be victims of homicide at work.
This series of events in turn has influenced American culture, as seen in the slang term " going postal "   see Patrick Sherrill for information on his August 20, , rampage and the computer game Postal. In an episode of Seinfeld , the mailman character, Newman , explained in a dramatic monologue that postal workers "go crazy and kill everyone" because the mail never stops.
In The Simpsons episode " Sunday, Cruddy Sunday ," Nelson Muntz asks Postmaster Bill if he has "ever gone on a killing spree"; Bill replies, "The day of the gun-toting, disgruntled postman shooting up the place went out with the Macarena ". The footage showed that the officers were dressed in civilian clothing. The NYPD is reportedly investigating alleged disorderly conduct. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the non-profit boating safety and education organization, see United States Power Squadrons.
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Stroman, Deputy Postmaster General. Postal Clause of the United States Constitution. This section needs additional citations for verification. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. September See also: Bulk mail.
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Retrieved March 10, Since the USPS cannot dictate how scores of different countries handle surface mail, and since its agreements required the USPS to take back undeliverable parcels, the losses were mounting.
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